Presented Papers

The following is a list of papers I have presented:

1. Presentation: Telecommunications in Zimbabwe

The paper starts by giving an overview of the telecommunications network in 1998, specifically focusing on fixed and mobile networks and Internet, and the market situation in Zimbabwe. It examines the national digital divide or Urban-Rural disparity, and ends by giving an insight into the planned developments in these three areas between 1998 and 2004. Read More

2. The 1996 USA Legislation & Market Competition

The essay seeks to compare the market structure of telecommunications in the USA after the promulgation of Telecommunications Act of 1996 passed on 3 January 1996, with that of 1984, focusing on the pluralism in the local loops, national, the long distance carrier and the international carrier businesses; the manufacturers of equipment and aspects that relate to competition, like consumer benefits, including quality of products and services, the right of choice of operators, manufacturers, services, type of regulation and call rates. Read More

3. The Extent to Which Consumption Influences Structure

The paper discusses the link between media production and consumption, and the structure of the media, because of the need to maximize profits as a basis of any commercial business. It is against this backdrop that the aspects of the imperfect practical nature of markets and the presupposition of the “Pareto Efficiency” (Doyle, 2002, 120) of markets, and the reality of the media market is that it is a complex and dynamic environment are brought into focus.
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4. September 11 2001 & Manifestation of Dominance & Frankfurt School

The incident on the World Trade Centre in New York on 11 September 2001 created heated discourse on the power on the media. The paper discusses how President George Bush (Jnr) might have used the media to pursue political and military objectives, using this unfortunate incident. Read More

5. Frankfurt School & Use of Media to Dominate

In this presentation, the statement made by President George Bush (Jnr), that “Either you are with us or against us”, made after the 11 September 2001 incident at the World Trade Centre is discussed against the backdrop of the use of the media to maintain dominance, as the Frankfurt School of Media thought advocates. Read More

6. How Regulatory Agencies Can be Made Accountable

The paper discusses a number of methodologies that could be used to make national regulatory Authorities (NRAs) accountable. It also examines different structures, types of NRAs and the binding legislation in identifying the bodies to which NRAs report. Read More

7. Arguments for & Against Regulating a Dominant Operator

In espousing the arguments for and against a dominant telecommunications network operator, the paper looks at different market structures like monopoly, duopoly and oligopoly. The effect of a dominant player on both competition and investor confidence is also brought into focus.
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8. Powers Exercised by the Media

The paper exposes the power exercised by the media by citing a number of known incidents. A few of these are when CNN and other broadcasting media reported of the commencement of the Iraq war on 16 March 2003 when the stock markets plummeted; committing of murders after the murderer has watched a murder film or reading like books; copying of Ronaldo’s hair style during the soccer world cup of 2002 after watching the player on television. Read More

9. Differences in Regulatory Frames in USA

The comparison of the telecommunication Acts of 1984 and 1996 in the USA is done by an in-depth analysis of the significance of both Acts, their different structural frameworks and the diversity with which either of them affected new market entrants. Read More

10. Policy Directives of Televisions Without Borders

The Television without Frontiers Directive (TWF), or Directive 89/552/EEC which was first promulgated in October 1989, sought to govern the rules and regulations of broadcasting in the EU. It was broadly based on the idea of “country of origin”, such that each member state maintained control of its programmes and advertisements. This caused contradiction because, as can be appreciated, the EU is a construct of states of diverse culture, beliefs, languages, political stability levels, democracies and economies, unlike a country like the USA whose origin is more homogeneous. Read More